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Open Die Forgings

Open die forging actually serves two purposes, hammering the metal into a desired shape while at the same time refining the grain structure which improves the strength properties of the material.

Open die forging is named such because the metal is never totally confined by the die. The material is heated to a temperature above its recrystallization temperature. (For steels this is usually between 1900 and 2500 degrees Fahrenheit.) The die strikes the metal as it is manipulated to result in the desired shape. The person managing the manipulation of the material as it is struck is still to this day known as a blacksmith. Often the material must be reheated numerous times before the desired shape is reached. Open die forging is not a net shape process. Machining allowance should be considered when ordering forgings.

Rolled rings are an important product of the open die forging process. Material is hot forged to a cylindrical shape, and a center hole is pierced. This preformed shape is then placed in a ring mill and rolled. As the part is rolled, it is stretched to the desired OD and ID.

Common applications for open die forgings include bucket and blade stock for the aerospace industry, as well as stator rings, diaphragm rings, and sealing rings for the power generation industry. Many manufacturers will use forged bars when large diameter bar material is unavailable or has tremendously long lead times.

We can provide forgings in the following shapes. We can supply as forged with machining allowance, rough machined, or finish machined to your print.

Rings 3” to 72” OD 10,000 lbs max
Disks 3” to 72” OD 15,000 lbs max
Blocks up to 48” cross section 15,000 lbs max
Bars 1” Sq up to 36” wide 20,000 lbs max
1” DIA. To 36” DIA. 20,000 lbs max
Upsets and special shapes Contact us

Materials

  • Carbon and Alloy Steels
  • Stainless Steels
  • Tool Steels
  • High Temperature Alloys
  • Aluminum
  • Titanium